Belarusian companies visit ICCI to explore development of business cooperation - Fnni.org

Belarusian companies visit ICCI to explore development of business cooperation - Fnni.org

Islamabad (FNNI) A delegation of Belarusian big companies led by Mr. Vladimir Ulakhovich, Chairman, Belarusian Chamber of Commerce and Industry visited Islamabad Chamber of Commerce and Industry to explore development of business and economic cooperation with Pakistan More »

Google’s DeepMind Is Improving Its Human Speech Abilities

Google’s DeepMind Is Improving Its Human Speech Abilities

With the growing use of virtual personal assistants such as Google assistant, Apple’s Siri, Microsoft’s Cortana and Amazon’s Alexa, AI speech itself as well as the language it uses is becoming more and more important. Currently, More »

Nats’ Stephen Strasburg Relieved by Elbow Diagnosis

Nats’ Stephen Strasburg Relieved by Elbow Diagnosis

WASHINGTON — He isn’t out of the woods yet, but Washington Nationals ace Stephen Strasburg is already breathing a sigh of relief after arm troubles knocked him out of his first start back from injury. More »

CM FELICITATES PAKISTANI CRICKET TEAM-Fnni.org

CM FELICITATES PAKISTANI CRICKET TEAM-Fnni.org

LAHORE ( FNNI ) CM Punjab M. Shehbaz Sharif has felicitated Pakistani cricket team on winning the second one-day match and the series against West Indies. In a message of felicitation, the CM said that Babar Azam played an important role in the victory in the second one-day match and deserve credit for his second consecutive century. More »

Turkish delegation visits ICCI to explore business collaborations- Fnni.org

Turkish delegation visits ICCI to explore business collaborations- Fnni.org

Islamabad (FNNI ) A delegation of MUSIAD visited Islamabad Chamber of Commerce and Industry led by Vice Chairman for Fair, Forum and Organization Commission Omur Yildiz and discussed possibilities for further enhancing business collaborations between the private sectors of Turkey and Pakistan. More »

 

Category Archives: Sci-Tech

CM INAUGURATES FREE WIFI HOTSPOT AT 200 PLACES OF 5 BIG CITIES – Fnni.org

Chief Minister Punjab-2

SAYS ALL POLICE STATIONS IN PUNJAB HAVE BEEN COMPUTERISED; NO CHANCE OF ALTERING FIRS; COMPUTERIZATION OF LAND RECORD ELIMINATED PATWARI CULTURE; COMPLETION OF 1180MW BHIKKI PROJECT IN 18 MONTHS IS WORLD RECORDCM PUNJAB-1

LAHORE (FNNI) The Punjab government has launched free internet service (wifi hotspot) at over 200 places of five big cities of Lahore, Rawalpindi, Faisalabad, Multan and Bahawalpur while this service will also be available at 16 places in Murree. Lakhs of citizens will benefit from this service and they will get convenience in making contacts. Chief Minister Punjab Muhammad Shehbaz Sharif inaugurated the free internet service at a ceremony held at IrfaKareen Software Technology Park by pressing a button. Addressing the ceremony, the chief minister said the launch of the free internet service at five big cities is a huge step toward converting the province to the digital system. He said the Punjab government has taken revolutionary measures for the promotion of the IT and performance many of several government departments has been enhancing by utilizing IT. He said old system of patwaris has been replaced by the Land Record Information Management System which has provided relief to the people and the land matters have been made the easy and rural population of five crores and 60 lakh has been directly benefited from this system. He said in the old system a farmer used to get ownership document of their land after paying bribes and spending a lot of time, but in the current system ownership document can be obtained in 30 minutes without any bride while matters of transfer of land take place in 45 minutes. He said patwari culture, bribes, and corruption have been eliminated through the new system and it has provided relief to the people. He said the credit of this project launched with the cooperation of the World Bank goes to the whole team of the Punjab government.Chief Minister Punjab-3 Shehbaz Sharif said all police stations have been computerized and FIR is registered through the computer and this process has been made paper-free and no change in FIR is possible now. He said former IGP Mushtaq Ahmed Sukhera has played the vital role in the computerisation of police stations and he hopes the new IGP will also continue his legacy because ‘afsarshahi’has been eliminated by computers in police stations. He said IT labs have been set up in all government schools in Punjab and now 50,000 tablets will be also distributed that is another giant step towards utilizing the latest technology. He said during dengue epidemic IT was used and this epidemic was controlled. He said the dengue control through IT is the great lesson to follow this model in all fields of the life. He said the future of Pakistan is connected to IT and we can move forward by utilizing modern knowledge. The chief minister said IT University is operating in Irfa Kareem Technology Park while new campus of the university is being set up by acquiring land worth billions of rupees on Badian Road and the land has been handed over to its VC Dr. UmerSaif who has promised to set up the new campus in one year. He said the IT University will be great achievement and funds for it will be earmarked in the forthcoming budget. Shehbaz Sharif said the foundation stone ofBhikki power plant of 1180MW was laid on October 9, 2015, and this project was inaugurated on April 19, 2017, and a sum of Rs50 billion has been saved in this project and this saving is the real saving. He said the performance of turbine at Bhikkiis most efficient in the world. He said the performance of turbine in Guddu power plant installed in the past was 54 per cent and benchmark of Nepra is 57 per cent while the efficiency of the turbine of Bhikki is 61.9 percent that is the top efficiency in the world. He said, on the one hand, there is Neelum Jhelum project of 985MW that is still incomplete despite the passage of 18 years while on the other hand there is 1180MW Bhikki power plant that has been completed in the record minimum time of 18 months and this project has started proving 717 MW to the national grid in the first phase.CM PUNJAB-2

Chairman PITB Dr. Umer Saif briefed about steps taken to introduce e-governance and the use of the IT in education, health, police and other sectors. He also told about the purpose of free internet service. He said CM Shehbaz Sharif has extraordinary capabilities and ensures the completion of projects at the fast pace due to which the term ‘Punjab Speed’ is known in the whole world. He said IT has brought about the revolution in several departments while KPK and Sindh governments have sought cooperation from the Punjab government to bring about improvement in the performance of government departments and CM Shehbaz Sharif has directed to provide all-out cooperation to both provincial governments. Finance Minister Dr. Ayeshah Ghaus Pasha also addressed the ceremony. Provincial ministers, lawmakers, senior officers of Punjab and IT experts also participated in the ceremony. At the end of the ceremony chairman PITC, Dr. Umer Saif presented a shield to the chief minister. While CM Shehbaz Sharif presented shields to Project Manager of Free Internet Service Sajjad Ghani, experts, and officers.

NORINCO CHINA RAILWAY ORANGE LINE METRO TRAIN PROJECT MANAGER MR. ZHU PENGFEI CALLS ON CM  – Fnni.org

CM Punjab-2

Lahore (FNNI)NORINCO China Railway Orange Line Metro Train Project Manager Mr. Zhu Pengfei called on Chief Minister Punjab Muhammad Shehbaz Sharif. During the meeting, they exchanged in detail words on the progress of civil works of Lahore Orange Line Metro Train Project and also expressed satisfaction on the progress of civil works being done on the project. Praising the high quality of civil works of Lahore Orange Line Metro Train, NORINCO China Railway Orange Line Metro Train Project Manager Mr. Zhu Pengfei said that under the dynamic leadership of Shehbaz Sharif quality and standardized work was being done on the metro train project. CM Punjab-2Talking on the occasion, the Chief Minister said that Lahore Orange Line Metro Train Project was an unprecedented gift of Pak-China friendship, love and devotion. The Chinese President, Premier and the government gave this gift to Pakistan and especially to the people of Lahore. The Chief Minister said that Lahore Orange Line Metro Train Project was important in order to modernize the transportation system and high quality work was being done on the civil works of the project. The Chief Minister said that Orange Line Metro Train Project would be a masterpiece in terms of architecture, quality and transparency and would prove to be a game changer in providing international-standard modern, fast and economical transportation facility to the common man. The Chief Minister said that this wonderful gift by China would always be remembered by the people of Pakistan. PML-N Senior Leader Khawaja Ahmad Hassan, MD Punjab Mass Transit Authority and other concerning officials were also present on the occasion.

RS112B THROUGH TRANSPARENCY IN GAS-BASED POWER PROJECTS: CM – Fnni.org

gas

CM, PETROLEUM MINISTER DISCUSS POWER PROJECTS

LAHORE (FNNI) Punjab Chief Minister Muhammad Shehbaz Sharif and Federal Petroleum Minister Shahid Khaqan Abbasi discussed electricity projects especially gas-based power projects and the matters of mutual interest. Speaking on the occasion, the chief minister said three gas-based power projects with the capacity of 3600MW are being completed on the fast track and an amount of Rs112 billion has been saved in these projects through transparency. gasHe said extensive efforts have been made during the last four years to end the electricity crisis. He said the political parties which are responsible for pushing the country to the darkness are now worried by the speedy completion of the power projects. He said the gas-based power projects will be completed in the record period of 27 months and these projects will eliminate darkness. He said surplus electricity will be available for agriculture, industry, livestock, education, health and other social sectors.

Google, Facebook celebrate Pakistan’s Independence Day

Google placed a doodle on its Pakistan’s homepage to celebrate the country’s Independence Day on August 14.

google-facebook-celebrate-Pakistan-independence-day

This is the sixth consecutive year that the tech giant has commemorated Pakistan’s Independence Day by featuring a customised logo on its main page.

Google, Facebook celebrate Pakistan’s Independence Day-2

 

Facebook also contributed to the Independence day celebrations by greeting its Pakistani users with a message that reads “Today we remember and honour those who fought for Pakistan’s Independence and send warm wishes for happiness and prosperity”.

The doodle is clickable and opens to a new a new page showing a list of Pakistan’s national days.

This year Google’s doodle highlights the Indus Valley Civilisation through pictures of artefacts from the era that also include the iconic “Priest King” statue.

This Indus Civilisation, also known as the Harappan Civilisation, is one of the most ancient and advanced civilisations of the Old World. The site was first discovered in the 1920s and has had breakthroughs occurring as recently as 1999.

Archaeologists have yet to decipher the local language written in the ancient Indus script.

Google has been paying tribute to Pakistan through its home page with the last one coming in as a lit candle, a sign of homage to the victims in Quetta blast.

Google, Facebook celebrate Pakistan’s Independence Day-3

Last year’s Independence Day doodle was inspired by the Lahore Fort, locally known as the Shahi Qila, a historical site build in the Mughal Era.

Blackmailing Software Infects Computers and Holds Personal Files for Ransom

Blackmailing Software Infects Computers and Holds Personal Files for Ransom

Blackmailing Software Infects Computers and Holds Personal Files for Ransom


According to recent reports, a software known as CryptoLocker is believed to have infected thousands of computers in a bid to make money by blackmailing computer users and holding their personal files for ransom.

The malware, also categorized as ransomware, spreads from computer to computer through e-mails with attachments and file downloads with double extensions.

While users might be downloading songs or images, they could get a hidden executable for the malware, which infects the computer as soon as it is run.

Once infected, the computer is connected to an external server on the internet and a private key is generated to encrypt the user’s personal files.
The virus encrypts several different file formats, including:

*.wb2, *.mdf, *.dbf, *.psd, *.pdd, *.pdf, *.eps, *.ai, *.indd, *.cdr, *.jpg, *.jpe, *.jpg, *.dng, *.3fr,*.odt, *.ods, *.odp, *.odm, *.odc, *.odb, *.doc, *.docx, *.docm, *.wps, *.xls, *.xlsx,
*.xlsm, *.rwl, *.rw2, *.r3d, *.ptx, *.pef, *.srw, *.x3f, *.der, *.cer, *.crt, *.pem, *.pfx, *.p12, *.p7b, *.p7c.*, .xlsb, *.xlk, *.ppt, *.pptx, *.pptm, *.mdb, *.accdb, *.pst, *.dwg, *.dxf, *.dxg, *.wpd, *.rtf, *.wb2, *.mdf, *.dbf, *.psd, *.pdd, *.pdf, *.eps, *.ai, *.indd, *.cdr, *.jpg, *.jpe, *.jpg, *.dng, *.3fr, *.arw, *.srf, *.sr2, *.bay, *.crw, *.cr2, *.dcr, *.kdc, *.erf, *.mef, *.mrw, *.nef, *.nrw, *.orf, *.raf, *.raw

After the files are encrypted, users are shown a pop-up message which explains what has happened and lays out the terms of the ransom. Typically users are given a couple of days to pay a specific amount of money in order to get the decryption key for their files.

The malware also warns that any attempt to modify the software or delete it will result in deletion of the decryption key from the server, which means no one will ever be able to decrypt those files.

Cryptolocker Blackmail Software

The encryption technology used by the software is believed to be similar to commercial solutions, which means it would take years to try and decrypt the files without a key.

Computer and internet users are suggested to update their antivirus programs and perform full system scans to remove any instances of malware. Moreover, they are advised not to open, download or install untrusted attachments or software on their computers.

Measure to Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emission

Measure to Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emission

Measure to Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emission


Emissions of greenhouse gases are increasing globally at a rate that will cause significant changes in the average temperature of the planet in the coming decades, with a significant impact on the lives of people. Given the global nature of the problem, only global measures could fix it; or at least to alleviate it. Experience has shown that these agreements are difficult to implement and many countries, some of them highly polluting, refuse to sign them for reasons of national economic interest. However, there are some data that indicate a change.
On the one hand, Europe has exceeded its reduction commitments made at the Kyoto Summit 1997. Cutting emissions compared to 1990 is already more than 11% (the commitment was 8%). The trouble is that Europe today represents a small part of the global – emissions by 13%. In this role, secondary force, we must add that the EU has lost in recent summits on climate authority and leadership that used to have.

Moreover, the United States, which along with China is responsible for half of all air pollutants emissions, has changed its traditional opposition to such restrictions and announced an ambitious reduction program. Specifically, 30% for 2030 compared to emissions in 2005. Chances are that this objective does not involve a lot of effort into promoting renewable sources, but is achievable replacing coal-fired electricity power plants by natural gas. This simple change is doing to improve the level of emissions in the U.S., but has not been produced for environmental reasons, but for the emergence of shale gas, which has significantly increased production at reduced prices and is precipitating a complete renovation in the energy sources of American industry.
Beyond news, the outlook for global emissions remains a concern. Only an agreement accepted by the major producers of greenhouse gases, including the U.S., China, India, Australia, Canada, Japan and Russia, along with Europe and other countries, the trend may change significantly and lastingly.

Solar cells with an alternative ingredient of tofu and bath salts

Solar cells with an alternative ingredient of tofu and bath salts

Solar cells with an alternative ingredient of tofu and bath salts


Photovoltaic cell technology has received a boost with the announcement that expensive and toxic components can be replaced with ingredient used to coagulate soya milk into tofu and found in bath salts. The cadmium telluride cells are much thinner and have a lower cost per watt than silicon but require the addition of another compound, usually cadmium chloride, a soluble salt, to improve efficiency to make it commercially feasible.

Jonathan Major, who lead the study at the University of Liverpool (UK), said that after the experiments they have replaced cadmium chloride for much cheaper and non-toxic compound, magnesium chloride, which is extracted from sea water. The research results are published in the journal of Nature and indicate that the efficiency of converting solar energy into electricity is about 13 % if any of the two compounds is used. However, it remains to prove the stability of these new solar cells to continue toward commercial production.
While cadmium telluride, the basis of these thin-film photovoltaic cells, is a stable compound with little risk, the use of cadmium chloride during the manufacturing process is safety hazard for workers and the environment.

“If we want solar PV compete with they the energy from fossil fuels, we should lower cost per watt generated and this is a step toward that goal,” said Major.

Experiments have shown that, magnesium was present in the cells made with the traditional compound. It came from the glass substrate and did not affect its operation. However, other chlorides that have been tested do affect behavior by introducing electrically active impurities.

The work was presented at the Euroscience open forum (ESOF) 2014 conference brings together some 4,000 participants and is the largest interdisciplinary meeting held in Europe.

No alternative to cutting CO2 emmissions

No alternative to cutting CO2 emmissions

CO2 written in clouds in the sky


A group of scientists from the U.S. and Canada has assessed five strategies being discussed to combat climate change: reducing CO2 emissions, carbon sequestration by biological means land and ocean CO2 storage in geological repositories and liquefied artificial increase cloud cover of the planet to increase the amount of radiation reflected into space. His conclusion is that the most effective and realistic answer is the first option, the reduction of emissions. Among other strategies, some can help achieve the goal of curbing warming, but others involve problems and uncertainties. ” We have seen that climate engineering does not provide an optimal solution,” says the lead researcher, Daniela Cusack, University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA). ” The perfect option is to reduce emissions. We have to cut the amount of emissions we are putting into the atmosphere if, in the future, we want to have something like Earth today. ” The goal, researchers say, is to reduce the nine gigatons (9.000 million tons) of CO2 that human activities introduced each year into the atmosphere.

Cusack and his colleagues have applied criteria ” technical, economic, ecological, institutional, ethical dimensions and social acceptance” for evaluating five options considered most promising emission containment, explain in the journal Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment.
None of these alternatives is as close to the objective of reducing emissions and increasing energy efficiency and low carbon fuels, the researchers said in a statement from UCLA. The technologies already available, they add, could reduce the amount of carbon added to the atmosphere in about seven gigatons per year.

Among the strategies analyzed, carbon sequestration by biological means, such as plants, is the most promising option among alternative climate engineering. If the trend of destruction of existing forests and plantations while forests increase is reversed, can be set up to 1.3 gigatons of CO2 per year in the form of plants, researchers estimate that recall that deforestation is responsible for a gigaton of emissions into the atmosphere each year.
The researchers also stress the benefits of proper management of agricultural land. It may also help other less known form of biological carbon sequestration: the production and burial of charcoal produced through processes of high temperature and pressure plant debris they generate fewer emissions of CO2 to the atmosphere compared to the normal breakdown. This can work to store the carbon fixed by plants while alive. ” The charcoal has been used for centuries to improve agricultural land, but scientists are now beginning to appreciate its potential to set greenhouse gas,” recalls Cusak.

Another form of biological carbon sequestration, however, is more controversial, the researchers conclude. This is fertilizing the ocean with iron to stimulate the growth of algae that sequester carbon. To Cusak and colleagues this strategy is impractical. It is estimated that less than a quarter of the carbon sequestering algae will sink to the ocean floor for a long period of time, while the rest will become food for other species and eventually the CO2 in the atmosphere, they argue. And not forgetting that algal blooms cause a decrease in oxygen in the water available for other organisms. This strategy has been tested in several ocean experiments and results about its effectiveness as carbon sequestration has proved indeed controversial. It is the least desirable for these scientists who analyzed the option.

The capture and storage of liquefied CO2 in geological formations is being used already associated with extraction plants, petroleum refineries and coal mines (million tonnes of carbon dioxide stored and annually), and advances in technology for other sectors industrial. Researchers estimate that this strategy has the potential to permanently store more than one gigaton of carbon each year. However, Cusack and his colleagues warn that a leak of these stores “could be fatal to humans and animals ” in the environment, so that, although it is unlikely an accident, can not get full social acceptance.
The idea of forming artificial clouds to prevent global warming by increasing the amount of solar radiation reflected back into space, or even installing reflectors in space to achieve the same end, it seems impractical. The researchers point out that cloud seeding is relatively easy, but its potential impact is full of uncertainties in the case of massive use.

The conclusion of the study, the scientists write in Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, is that although the reduction of emissions of greenhouse gases must be the primary response to climate change, “Some approaches to climate engineering low risk and cash balance cost / effectiveness should be supplementary. “

Piltdown breakdown: new details about a famed scientific hoax

Scientists Robert Kruszynski and Girdland Flink carry out tests on samples of the remains of the Piltdown Man, the bogus fossils of a “missing link” between apes and humans that created a scientific sensation in the 1910's in Britain, in the DNA laboratory of the Natural..

Scientists Robert Kruszynski and Girdland Flink carry out tests on samples of the remains of the Piltdown Man, the bogus fossils of a “missing link” between apes and humans that created a scientific sensation in the 1910’s in Britain, in the DNA laboratory of the Natural..

Researchers applying modern forensic techniques to a century-old puzzle have laid bare intriguing new details about one of the most notorious scientific hoaxes on record, the so-called Piltdown Man, and are confident in the culprit’s identity.

The phony fossil remains of a “missing link” between apes and humans, planted in gravel near the English village of Piltdown, were concocted using the jawbone and teeth from a single orangutan, two or three sets of old human remains and the liberal use of dental putty, the researchers said on Wednesday.

They said their findings left little doubt the perpetrator was amateur archaeologist Charles Dawson, who in 1912 “discovered” the first of the bogus Piltdown remains and has long been the chief suspect.

The study, using DNA analyses, high-precision measurements, spectroscopy and other techniques, was published in the journal Royal Society Open Science on the 100th anniversary of Dawson’s death.

“This is a fascinating real-life ‘whodunit’ and it shows how new technology can be applied to solve old problems,” said paleoanthropologist Chris Stringer of the Natural History Museum in London.

The Piltdown remains created a scientific sensation as the long-awaited “missing link” confirming Charles Darwin’s evolution theory. Four decades passed before it was proven as a hoax.

“It set back studies of human evolution for many years, particularly in Britain, as some of the most prominent experts allowed themselves to be misled,” Stringer said.

DNA analysis showed the original “discovery” and a second set of remains announced by Dawson included teeth, filed down to make them appear human, and a lower jaw from a single orangutan, mostly likely from southwestern Sarawak, Borneo.

Remains from two or perhaps three possibly medieval humans were used to make up the forged cranial fossils, using the same part of the back of the skull, anthropologist Isabelle De Groote of Liverpool John Moores University said.

Skull holes were filled with putty, which also was employed to reset the teeth in the jaw and reconstruct one of the teeth.

The fact a single orangutan specimen was used in both sets of remains implicates Dawson, the only person associated with both, Stringer said. There was also a consistent modus operandi in the concoction of the two sets, indicating a single forger, Stringer said.

Experts suspect Dawson’s motives were winning fame and recognition from the scientific community. A recent analysis of Dawson’s collection of fossils and antiques revealed other forgeries.